Emergency drugs and their Antagonists

Drug Antagonist / Antidote Atropine Physostigmine Morphine Nalloxone Pentobarbital sodium Yohimbine Organo-phosphorus compound PAM 5-OH Tryptamine Methysergide, LSD, Ergot alkaloid Kallikrien Aprotonin Angiotensin Saralosin Heparin Toluidine Potamine Vitamin K Coumarine Alcohol NaHCO3, or Na-citrate Aercoline Atropine sulphate Aspirin NaHCO3, Coramine Barbiturate Amphetamine Barium MgSO4 Belladona Tannic acid Benzoic acid Siquil, Diuretics

Chromosome numbers of Different Animals

Indigenous Cattle- 60(2n) + XX/XY Exotic Cattle- 60 Buffalo- 60 Goat- 60 Sheep-54 Pig-38 Horse- 64 Ass-62 Mule-63 Dog-78 Cat-38 Autosome+ ZZ(Male) ,ZW(Female) Chicken- 78 Duck-80 Quail-78 Turkey- 76(M),77(F) Goose-80

pH of different body fluids and secretions

pH of Semen: Bull- 6.8 Ram/Buck-6.8 Boar- 6.8 Dog-6.7 Stallion-7.4 Cat-7.4 pH of Milk: 6.4 – 6.8 pH of Rumen: 6.4-7.3 pH of Abomasum: 1.5 – 2.5 pH of Saliva: 8 pH of Pancreatic juice: 7.5-8.0  

Gram’s Staining

This is the most useful and frequently employed staining technique in bacteriological laboratories. It is a differential staining.It gets its name from the Danish bacteriologist Hans Christian Gram who first introduced it in 1882.Bacteria generally categorized as either Gram positive or Gram negative. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer and less lipid.With the use …

Gram’s Staining Read More »


What is diabetes? What are the types? What are the major problems seen in diabetic patients? Definition: Diabetes is a metabolic disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy …

Diabetes Read More »

error: Content is protected !!